The Pros and Cons of Technological Change
Technology is the study of the science of technology. It includes a wide range of practices from manufacturing to environmental technology. It also covers computer sciences, which includes applications in information systems, networks, and software. Technology is the total collection of various practices, skills, and methods used in the achievement of specific objectives, including scientific research, computer sciences, and information systems.
The scope of technological change is growing as new technologies are created. There are many areas that technology affects, ranging from manufacturing to information technology. Many areas of engineering are affected by technology, such as nanotechnology, biomedical engineering, computer science, artificial intelligence, and renewable and green technologies. While some still believe that technological change does not affect them directly, the fact is that technology has made them indirectly responsible for many of its effects. For example, new technologies make it possible to produce more products with less energy and materials, thereby affecting energy consumption, materials usage, and waste generation.
There are two major fields in technology that have become influential since the advent of new technologies: genetic engineering and nanotechnology. In genetic engineering, an engineer combines living material with different sets of instructions to create a new form of material. This could be of plant DNA or genetic code from an animal. Nanotechnology is the study of technology based on the manipulation of particles with the intent to create a new technology, like electronics or optical fibers.
Some people worry that genetic engineering may cause future unforeseen problems, such as human sterility. Opponents argue that there is already too much human intrusion in nature, and that the effects of this new technology will be beneficial rather than harmful. Another concern is that the creation of artificially intelligent beings may result in the creation of super-intelligent machines with increased capabilities that could cause these problems. But others believe that the benefits of these technologically advanced systems outweigh any negative consequences.
Technological change occurs slowly and steadily. Often, only a few changes are noted in a given area over time. But new technologies do not disappear completely from the Earth for at least several decades, perhaps as long as a century. And as long as these technologically advanced systems are maintained in top condition, new technology is added without causing major disruption in society.
The great benefit of these technologically advanced systems is the relatively low cost of implementation. It is also inexpensive to modify these systems for a variety of reasons. This means that genetic engineers and nanotechnology engineers can take steps to improve the performance of these new systems without worrying about the potentially negative side effects that may result. And society benefits by having these systems available when and if they are needed.